Many young people have difficulty deciding where they will live when the time comes to leave home and make their own way in the world. Among the more common alternatives are sharing a house or flat with other young people, and finding full board and lodgings in someone else's home.
Renting a house with other young people offers the advantage of a high degree of freedom and independence. On the down side, renting involves a variety of responsibilities that may be more than you wish to take on. This would mean you would be responsible for making large rental payments if one or more of the people you are sharing with should move out of the house or flat. It might also mean that you are held financially responsible if they damage the dwelling.
Finding board and lodgings, on the other hand, has significant advantages. Generally you have no responsibility for the cleaning or maintenance of the dwelling or its gardens, other than to take reasonable care of your room. However, living in board and lodging circumstances has its drawbacks too. You have less freedom and flexibility in your lifestyle.
In the end, the decision each person makes will depend on their own personal valuing of independence and of convenience, as well as their feeling of readiness for taking on the considerable financial and other responsibilities of house or flat rental.
1. The text mainly discusses about …
- sharing a house
- cleaning a house
- deciding where to live
- renting a house
- finding full board
2. “Finding board and lodgings, on the other hand, has significant advantages.”
The underlined word means …
- gained position
- rooms rented to live
- supply of materials
- work of cutting down trees
- ability to convince
3. The writer’s purpose of writing the text is …
a. to present two points of view about deciding where to live
b. to persuade readers to rent a house with other young people
c. to describe how to decide to find a rented house
d. to inform readers how to decide where to live
e. to explain how to find board and lodgings
What do you think about home schooling? Do you think it's a good idea concerning socialization and all? Believed to be first introduced in the U.S. decades ago, home schooling is now mushrooming in the country. This phenomenon seems to be in response to the fact that children's rights are sidelined in the arena of formal education. As an alternative education system, home schooling could become a popular choice for children of school age
Home schooling provides kids with educational opportunities that traditional public schooling has not provided. It offers a refreshing system by which students are encouraged to be creative and express themselves. Students will discover the thrill and sense of accomplishment that self-initiated learning can bring.
On the other hand, some people believe that home schooling can be inefficient and expensive. Students’ social life is, indeed, something to be concerned about in home schooling education. Most school districts make sincere attempts to keep their home schooled students active participants in the social, athletic, and extracurricular life of the school.
It is strongly recommended that parents contact home schooling resource that may be able to put them in touch with kids who have gone through home schooling and those who are currently being home schooled. Talking with them would be a great way for parents to make a more informed decision about their kids’ education.
4. The text mainly discusses about …
- kids’ education
- students’ socialization problem
- education problem
- an alternative education system
- popular public schooling
5. What does the writer suggest that parents do before making decision to provide home schooling for their kids?
- It's a good idea concerning socialization and all.
- Parents provide home schooling for their children.
- Public schooling education offers refreshment system.
- Parents seek home schooling resource’s information.
- Parents always keep their home schooled kids active.
6. “… parents contact home schooling resource that may be able to put them in touch with kids who have gone through home schooling”
The underlined phrase means ….
- connected d. informed
- known e. hang out
THE ISSUE OF POLYGAMY
Polygamy has still become an actual topic to discuss. People react this issue in different opinions.
Today in the 21st Century polygamy persists and is legally permitted in Muslim majority Indonesia. The 1974 Marriage Act in Article 3 states that a husband may have up to four wives on condition that the wife consents.
Further Article 5 cites three instances where a husband may practise polygamy: the wife is unable to execute the obligation of a wife; the wife has acquired a bodily handicap or incurable disease; the wife is unable to bear children.
Woman’s rights advocates reject this provision of the law as it works against women. They perceive the conditions that allow a husband to practise polygamy are from perspective of the husband’s interests.
Islam allows a man to have up to four wives in the context of caring for orphans, and it emphasizes that the women must be treated equally. If the man is unable to do this, the man may only have one wife. The Koran does not issue a recommendation or a command to commit polygamy.
Thus the principle marriage in Islam is monogamy, not polygamy. Because of this polygamy should be banned.
7. From the text we infer that …
a. Polygamy can be accepted by all people.
b. Polygamy is the women’s rights.
c. All religions let men do polygamy.
d. Men are let perform polygamy by strict requirements.
e. Indonesian laws ban polygamy.
8. What makes most women disagree with Polygamy?
a. the husband’s unequal treatment
b. the husband’s interest
c. the husband’s attention
d. the money condition
e. the daily needs fulfilment
9. Husbands are let practise polygamy when … , except …
a. his wife approves it
b. his wife refuses it
c. his wife cannot give birth to a child
d. his wife suffers from incurable diseases
e. his wife cannot perform her obligation
Genetic research has produced both exciting and frightening possibilities. Scientists are now able to create new forms of life in the laboratory due to the development of gene splicing.
On the other hand, the ability to create life in the laboratory could greatly benefit mankind. For example, because it is very expensive to obtain insulin from natural sources, scientists have developed a method to manufacture it inexpensively in the laboratory.
Another beneficial application of gene splicing is in agriculture. Scientists foresee the day when new plants will be developed using nitrogen from the air instead of from fertilizer. Therefore food production could be increased. In addition, entirely new plants could be developed to feed the world’s hungry people.
Not everyone is excited about gene splicing, however. Some people feel that it could have terrible consequences. A laboratory accident, for example, might cause an epidemic of an unknown disease that could wipe out humanity.
As a result of this controversy, the government has made rules to control genetic experiments. While some members of the scientific community feel that these are too strict, many other people feel that are still not strict enough.
10. The text above implies that …
a. Genetic research always have bad effects on human development
b. The government ignores the genetic research implementation
c. All scientists approve of the application of genetic research
d. Genetic research creates controversy among the scientists
e. Everyone is satisfied with the development of genetic research
11. Which of the following is the beneficial use of gene splicing?
a. the laboratory accident
b. the epidemic of an unknown disease
c. the insulin development
d. the fertilizer production
e. the plant growing in laboratory
12. What can endanger the existence of human life relating to genetic splicing?
a. the discovery of insulin from natural sources
b. the ability to create life in laboratory
c. the insulin manufacturing in laboratory
d. the development of gene splicing
e. the epidemic of an unknown disease
Television has certainly changed our lives. Today, most people watching TV to going to the cinema. Without it, nobody would have paid much attention to national or international-historical, political, sports, sport, etc.-events. Even, television proved that pictures of suffering can move a nation to pity. Besides, many things can be learnt from TV.
Are there any disadvantages of TV? Many parents admitted that they found difficulties to stop their children’s bad habit, for example, they spend their leisure time for watching TV more than reading. Children become very lazy and irresponsible for their main tasks. This is of course denied by TV producers of people whose work is related to TV. They are very sure that there are a lot of benefits of TV for viewers, especially children or students.
On the other hand, they honestly admit that some TV programs can endanger children’s mental. They regret because parents sometimes don’t have much time to watch TV together with their children. They suggest parents to have more discussion with their children on any programs they have seen.
13. The communicative purpose of this text is …..
a. to describe the general information about TV
b. to persuade the readers not to watch TV
c. to present two points of view about TV
d. to inform the reader about the effect of TV
e. to retell events about the history of TV
14. The part of the text which contains statement and preview is …..
15. The main idea of the first paragraph is ….
a. TV has become the part of modern people’s life.
b. TV has turned the modern people’s life.
c. TV has given some enjoyments to the viewers.
d. TV has provided viewers some information.
e. TV has played the important role in modern people’s life.
16. Who is persuaded to consider the effect of TV?
a. TV producers
e. TV programmers
Globalization is a social change formed by the increase of interrelation among society and its elements and happens because of acculturation and technology development
Globalization gives new nuance and wide impact to the immigrants in different culture. World becomes more various in aspect of ethnics, race and skin colour. Nowadays social growth brings about the cultural changes which have pluralistic and cultural characters.
Globalization has positive effect if we can adapt better, by improving the self quality and selective attitude to the foreign cultural adoption.
The positive of globalization can be seen in the change of the development system. In this case, national development has given wide opportunity for Indonesian society to get proper education.
In the change of life view, globalization expands the concept of the balance between material and immaterial development.
Nevertheless, globalization results in some negative effects as well. The society experiences cultural shock because they are not ready to accept the foreign culture immediately. Globalization makes the value in social life not ready to anticipate the changes happened in the community. It may bring about cultural value destruction having been adopted by the local society.
Good or bad, the changes that caused by the globalization must be faced with selective attitude to receive the new culture and strong self-ability to fight for it.
17. What is the purpose of the text?
a. to persuade the readers that globalization is the case.
b. to present at least two points of view about globalization.
c. to explain the effect of globalization
d. to describe how globalization happens
e. to retell the development of globalization
18. The organization of the text above is ….
a. orientation, events, re-orientation
b. general statement, explanation
c. thesis, arguments, reiteration
d. general classification, description
e. issue, arguments, conclusion
19. What is the main idea of the text?
a. Globalization only creates bad effect.
b. Globalization causes the life style change.
c. Globalization destroys the social values.
d. Globalization has good and bad influence.
e. Globalization cannot be avoided.
20. What does the writer recommend us to face the globalization?
a. We must accept the globalization blindly.
b. We must refuse the globalization strictly.
c. We must throw away the globalization.
d. We must prevent the spread of globalization.
e. We must face the globalization wisely.
SHOULD TV FOOD COMMERCIALS TARGETTING CHILDREN BE BANNED?
Children in developed countries are facing serious health hazards, such as obesity, that are thought to be directly linked to their pattern on consumption influenced by junk food commercials during children’s TV programs.
New Zealand is considering a ban following a finding that 65 percent of all the commercials during children’s TV programs promote food that is high in fat, sugar, and salt content such as sweets, snacks, drinks and ice cream. Child diabetes and dental problems have been attributed to such foodstuffs.
Most European Union members have also launched strict regulations against children’s TV commercials, but only Sweden and Norway have seriously attempted to a complete ban. Responses to the policy have varied; some have protested against it, while others have adjusted their approaches to marketing their snack products.
A study of Ofcom, a media regulating body in the UK, found that commercials do not have a direct impact on children’s eating habits. A commercials ban would therefore not mean much in reducing the childhood obesity rate.
What has been found to have direct impact is the change in the eating habits of the community, whose access to instant meals is increasing all the time. More people have less time to prepare food, so variations of instant food are increasingly becoming a choice, despite the fact that most of these meals are fatty, calorie-laden and high in slat and sugar content.
Another argument against the ban is that child obesity has more to do with a sedentary lifestyle than with TV commercials. Today’s children spend more hours before the television or computer than on active play, leading to the calories piling on and turning into fat.
In short, proponents of the ban base are that child obesity their argument on the health risks facing obese children who will likely grow up obese and prone to disease. They believe that banning the commercials, children will be less likely to consume junk food.
21. What is the view of commercials ban protesters?
a. Junk food commercials threat the children’s health.
b. The commercials ban makes the children obese.
c. The commercials would decrease the childhood obesity rate.
d. The commercials have no direct impact on children’s eating habit.
e. The commercials have changed the lifestyle of the community.
22. Some countries have launched the TV commercials ban in order to ….
a. abolish the broadcasts of commercials on TV at all